How to hire and pay EMPLOYEES IN

Turkey

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Before hiring

EMPLOYEES IN
Turkey

Before hiring employees in Turkey, there are a few important things you’ll need to know. Firstly, in Turkey, employees are entitled to up to 16 weeks of maternity leave at full pay. This is usually split into eight weeks before and after birth, but at least three weeks must be taken before the due date.

It’s also important for employers to know that in Turkey, employees are entitled to paid holidays if they have worked for at least a year. However, employees over the age of 50 automatically receive 20 days of paid holidays.

We know this might sound overwhelming—but it doesn’t have to be. A solution like Oyster eliminates the barriers for you. With Oyster, you can automate compliance across 180+ countries, easily managing HR and payroll—all in one, easy-to-use platform. 

Get an overview of what you need to know when hiring in Turkey below.

At a Glance

CURRENCY

TRY

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

TURKISH

PAYROLL FREQUENCY

MONTHLY

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

12

(based on region;
see here
)

EMPLOYER TAXES

22.5%

of gross salary

13th / 14th SALARY

N/A

Good to know

  • Employee taxes are deducted each month from an employee’s gross salary—based on the amount paid to the employee so far that year. Due to progressive income tax rates, this means that as the total amount paid over the course of the year increases, an employee’s taxation rate increases simultaneously, and therefore, their net salary reduces each month as the tax year progresses. A common practice to keep the net salary consistent each month is for the employer to increase the monthly gross salary over the year to keep the net salary consistent.
  • In addition to vacation days, employees are entitled to various other personal leaves, such as marriage leave and bereavement leave.
  • Employees who have worked for their employer for at least one year are entitled to a severance payment at the rate of 30 days' gross salary for each full year of employment. This is capped at 6,730.15 lira per annum.

Employment in

Turkey

Working hours and overtime

Employees are allowed to work for 45 hours per week. These hours can be distributed unevenly over the week provided no single day lasts longer than 11 hours.

Employees cannot opt out of such restrictions.

Time worked over 45 hours in a week is considered overtime and paid at 150% of an employee’s regular salary. Hours worked during the weekend are paid at 200%.

Employment contracts
Probationary period

In Turkey, the probationary period is two months.

Pensions
Notice period

Under an indefinite contract, notice periods are determined by the length of the employee's service. The breakdown is as follows:

  • Up to six months: Two weeks notice
  • Six to 18 months: Four weeks notice
  • 18 to 36 months: Six weeks notice
  • More than 36 months: Eight weeks notice

There is no notice period under a fixed-term contract.

IP protection and non-compete agreements

Non-compete agreements should be defined in writing, be reasonably limited, and not exceed two years. The employer does not need to make any payment to the former employee to enforce the agreement. 

Employment cost calculator

Holidays

01 Jan

New Year's Day

15 Jul

Democracy and National Solidarity Day

23 Apr

Children's Day

20 to 23 Jul

Kurban Bayramı Holiday

01 May

Labour Day

30 Aug

Victory Day

13 to 15 May

Ramazan Bayramı Holiday

29 Oct

Republic Day

19 May

Youth and Sports Day

01 Jan

New Year's Day

23 Apr

Children's Day

01 May

Labour Day

13 to 15 May

Ramazan Bayramı Holiday

19 May

Youth and Sports Day

15 Jul

Democracy and National Solidarity Day

20 to 23 Jul

Kurban Bayramı Holiday

30 Aug

Victory Day

29 Oct

Republic Day

Employer tax

Employers in Turkey are required to pay 22.5% on top of an employee’s salary in social contributions. This includes:

  • Short Term Insurance Branch Premium: 2%
  • Pension & Disability: 11%
  • General Health Insurance: 7.5%
  • Unemployment Insurance: 2%

Individual tax

In Turkey, employees pay between 15% and 40% in taxes depending on their income bracket. They also pay 15% social security tax, which includes contributions for pension and disability, general health insurance, and unemployment insurance. 

Termination of employment

Employees who have worked for their employer for at least one year are entitled to a severance payment at the rate of 30 days' gross salary for each full year of employment. This is capped at 6,730.15 lira per annum.

Start hiring employees in

Turkey

Setting up a business entity everywhere you want to hire a new employee isn’t scalable—it takes too long and the legal fees are high. At the same time, understanding and adhering to the local labor laws and employee expectations can be complex and time consuming. And it’s hard to find reliable information on up-to-date employment information for all the countries where you’re considering hiring. Not to mention tracking down invoices and managing employee contracts over email and spreadsheets—that gets messy fast. 

We can’t afford to take risks when it comes to compliance—we need to make sure we follow the local guidelines, especially when it comes to taxes and legalities. 

With Oyster, you can manage HR and payroll, and automate compliance across 180+ countries—all in one, easy-to-use platform.

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