How to hire and pay EMPLOYEES IN

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Before hiring

EMPLOYEES IN
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Before hiring employees in Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are some key things you’ll need to know. Firstly, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, employees are entitled to 20 days of paid holiday that must be used. 

It’s also important for employers to know that health insurance registration is compulsory. Employees in Bosnia and Herzegovina must provide evidence that they are registered for mandatory health insurance within 15 days after their start date.

We know keeping track of all this might sound overwhelming—but it doesn’t have to be. A solution like Oyster eliminates the barriers for you. With Oyster, you can automate compliance across 180+ countries, easily managing HR and payroll—all in one, easy-to-use platform. 

Get an overview of what you need to know when hiring in Bosnia and Herzegovina below. 

At a Glance

CURRENCY

EUR

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

BOSNIAN

PAYROLL FREQUENCY

MONTHLY

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

4

(based on region;
see here
)

EMPLOYER TAXES

12.3%

of gross salary

13th / 14th SALARY

N/A

Good to know

  • In Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are separate administrative entities, the two main ones being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and Republika Srpska (RS). Specific employment rules are dependent on which region the employee is based in.
  • When a company is hiring employees on behalf of another company, the term of employment is limited to three years. After this period, the employee would need a change of job title to remain employed.
  • Health insurance registration is compulsory in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Employment in

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Working hours and overtime

A standard workweek in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 40 hours. Employees are entitled to a break of at least 30 minutes when working more than 6 hours daily, and at least a continuous period of 24 hours weekly.

On request, employees can perform up to eight hours of overtime a week. The amount to be paid varies by industry and is based on collective agreement.

Employment contracts
Probationary period

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, probationary periods must be no longer than six months.

Pensions
Notice period

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, employees are required to give a minimum of seven days notice, and a maximum of 30 days notice. 

Employers are required to give a minimum notice period of 14 days, and a maximum of three months notice. 

Employer can terminate employment with notice because of:

  • Economical, technical, or organisational reasons
  • If the employee is unable to perform their work duties

No notice is required if either party is in severe breach of contract.

In case of a violation of work duties, notice of termination can be given within 60 days of finding out about the violation, and up to a year after the incident took place.

Non-compete agreements

Non-competition agreements or clauses are allowed in Bosnia and Herzegovina for a period of up to two years. To be enforced, employers must commit in their contract to paying the employee at least half of their average salary from the three months before the termination. These amounts must be paid by the employer at the end of each calendar month.

Employment cost calculator

Holidays

01 Jan

New Year's Day

01 May

Labour Day

02 Jan

New Year Holiday

02 May

Labour Day Holiday

01 Jan

New Year's Day

02 Jan

New Year Holiday

01 May

Labour Day

02 May

Labour Day Holiday

Employer tax

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, social contributions for employers are 10.5% and include unemployment insurance, disability fund, and unemployment contributions. Employers are also required to make contributions for accident, water, and disability, totalling 1.8% of an employee’s salary.  

Individual tax

All employees are taxed 10% regardless of their income bracket. Employees also pay social security contributions of approximately 31%. That includes pension, health, and unemployment tax.

Employees must provide proof that they are registered for mandatory health insurance within 15 days after their start date. 

Termination of employment

Minimum severance payments are payable on redundancy if someone has been employed for two years. The payment would be the lower of:

  • A third of the employee's average salary in the three months before termination, times their total number of years of employment; and
  • Six average salaries of the employee in the three-month period before the termination

Start hiring employees in

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Setting up a business entity everywhere you want to hire a new employee isn’t scalable—it takes too long and the legal fees are high. At the same time, understanding and adhering to the local labor laws and employee expectations can be complex and time consuming. And it’s hard to find reliable information on up-to-date employment information for all the countries where you’re considering hiring. Not to mention tracking down invoices and managing employee contracts over email and spreadsheets—that gets messy fast. 

We can’t afford to take risks when it comes to compliance—we need to make sure we follow the local guidelines, especially when it comes to taxes and legalities. 

With Oyster, you can manage HR and payroll, and automate compliance across 180+ countries—all in one, easy-to-use platform.

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