Before hiring employees in Ukraine, there are some key things you’ll need to know. Firstly, in Ukraine, fixed term contracts avoid the need for negotiated notice periods and severance payments. As an employer, it’s important to bear this in mind. It’s also valuable to know that non-compete agreements are unenforceable, and termination of an employment agreement at the employer's initiative is difficult to do. In Ukraine, an employee cannot be dismissed without cause.
If you’re hiring employees in Ukraine, make sure you’re aware that a maximum of four hours of overtime is allowed during two consecutive days at a time. Employees aren’t permitted to work more than 120 hours overtime per year.
In Ukraine, overtime on weekdays and public holidays is paid at 200% of an employee’s regular hourly wage. Unlike some countries, this cannot be compensated by providing an additional day of rest. Working on days of rest is paid at 200% of regular hourly wage or by providing another day of rest instead.
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Get an overview of what you need to know when hiring in Ukraine below.
A work week in Ukraine is 40 hours per week and typically eight hours per day. Employees are entitled to two days off every week.
In Ukraine, a maximum of four hours of overtime is permitted during two consecutive days at a time. An employee can’t work more than 120 hours overtime per year.
Overtime on weekdays and public holidays is paid at 200% of an employee’s regular hourly wage, and this cannot be compensated by providing an additional day of rest.
If an employee works on their day of rest, they are paid 200% of their regular hourly wage, or that employee must be given another day of rest instead.
The maximum probation period is one month for non-qualified employees. For specialists and managers, the probation period is three months.
Notice periods in Ukraine can vary depending on the reason for termination. However, no notice period applies if the employer and employee consensually agree on termination.
In Ukraine, notice for dismissal is generally two months. For resignations, it is generally two weeks.
Non-compete agreements are not legally enforceable in Ukraine.
Employees in Ukraine get paid leave for 24 calendar days per year after working for an employer for six continuous months. This is paid based on the employee’s average salary over the last 12 months.
Sick pay in Ukraine can range from between 50% to 100% of an employee's average salary. This depends on the length of their employment insurance record.
Employees in Ukraine are entitled to take a maternity leave of 126 calendar days, which is paid by the Social Insurance Fund at 100% of their salary.
Employees can take up to 14 days of unpaid paternity leave.
In Ukraine, an employer’s total social contributions are 22% of an employee’s salary.
Employees in Ukraine are taxed 18% regardless of their income bracket. In addition, employees’ income is also subject to a military tax of 1.5%.
The amount of severance pay employees in Ukraine are entitled to depends on the reason for termination and the employee’s seniority. If an employee terminates their contract for violation of agreement or law, they are entitled to a severance pay of three average salaries.
In most other cases, severance pay is one month's salary in addition to the notice period pay (if provided in lieu of actual notice period), compensation for unused vacation pay, and other benefits.
Corporate officers are entitled to a severance pay of six months of average salary.
Setting up a business entity everywhere you want to hire a new employee isn’t scalable—it takes too long and the legal fees are high. At the same time, understanding and adhering to the local labor laws and employee expectations can be complex and time consuming. And it’s hard to find reliable information on up-to-date employment information for all the countries where you’re considering hiring. Not to mention tracking down invoices and managing employee contracts over email and spreadsheets—that gets messy fast.
We can’t afford to take risks when it comes to compliance—we need to make sure we follow the local guidelines, especially when it comes to taxes and legalities.
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